The festival typically falls in the Hindu calendar month of Ashwin, which corresponds to September or October
in the Gregorian calendar. Navaratri is dedicated to the worship of the goddess Durga, who is believed to
symbolize the divine feminine energy and the triumph of good over evil.
Here are some key aspects and traditions associated with Navaratri:
Nine Nights of Worship: Navaratri spans nine nights and ten days, during which different forms of the goddess
Durga are worshipped. Each night is dedicated to a different form or aspect of the goddess.
Garba and Dandiya Raas: In many regions of India, people celebrate Navaratri by performing traditional folk
dances such as Garba and Dandiya Raas. These dances involve rhythmic and colorful movements, often accompanied
by traditional music.
Goddess Durga: Durga is revered during Navaratri as the mother goddess who represents the power of the divine
feminine. She is depicted as a warrior goddess riding a lion or tiger and is believed to protect devotees from
Fasting and Purity: Many devotees observe fasts during Navaratri, abstaining from certain foods and maintaining
purity in their thoughts and actions. Some people fast on specific days or throughout the entire period.
Colorful Decorations: Homes and temples are often adorned with colorful decorations and lamps. Traditional
motifs, flowers, and rangoli (colorful patterns made on the ground) are common during this festival.
Goddess Durga's Idols: Elaborate idols of goddess Durga are crafted and installed in homes and public pandals
(temporary structures) for worship. These idols are often beautifully decorated and serve as the focal point
of the festivities.
Cultural Performances: Besides Garba and Dandiya Raas, various cultural programs, music concerts, and dance
performances take place during Navaratri, showcasing the rich cultural diversity of India.
Vijayadashami: The tenth day of Navaratri, known as Vijayadashami or Dussehra, marks the culmination of the
festival. It is believed to be the day when Lord Rama defeated the demon king Ravana, signifying the victory
of good over evil. Effigies of Ravana are burnt in many parts of India on this day.
Navaratri is celebrated with regional variations and cultural significance in different parts of India.
It is a time for devotion, celebration, and the coming together of communities to honor the divine and
celebrate the triumph of good over evil.